Powderpost beetles are a group of seventy species of wood boring beetles classified in the insect subfamily Lyctinae. These beetles, along with spider beetles, death watch beetles, common furniture beetles, skin beetles, and others, make up the superfamily Bostrichoidea. While most wood borers have a large prothorax, powderpost beetles do not, making their heads more visible. In addition to this, their antennae have two-jointed clubs. They are considered pests and attack deciduous trees, over time reducing the wood to a powdery dust. The damage caused by longhorn beetles (family Cerambycidae) is often confused with that of powder post beetles, but the two groups are unrelated. Their larvae are white and C-shaped.
The term powder post comes from the fact that the larvae of these beetles feed on wood and, given enough time, can reduce it to a mass of fine powder. Because of this behavior, they are considered pests.
Life Cycle of Powderpost Beetle
Powder post beetle larvae spend months or years inside wood while developing, feeding mainly on the starch content. Their presence is only apparent when they emerge as adults, leaving behind pinhole-sized openings, often called shot hole. They may also leave piles of powdery frass below. Shot holes normally range in diameter from .32 inches (0.79 mm) to .8 inches (3.2 mm), depending on the species of beetle. If wood conditions are right, female beetles may lay their eggs and re-infest the wood, continuing the cycle for generations.
Powder post Beetle Target Materials
Powder post beetles feed on deciduous trees, including certain hardwoods or softwoods depending on the species. Some hardwoods are naturally immune if they have low starch content or if their pore diameters are too small for the female beetles ovipositor to lay her eggs in.
Wood preservatives can be used to prevent beetle infestation. Common treatments may use boron.
Items that can be infested by powder post beetles include wooden tools or tool handles, frames, furniture, gun stocks, books, toys, bamboo, flooring, and structural timbers.